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Home >> Natural Stone Tiles >> Travertine Natural Stone Tiles



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Where does Travertine come from?

Travertine Tiles is a forming for over thousands of years. Travertine is formed by subterranean springs, underground rivers and other water sources.

These water sources carry mineral elements such as calcium carbonate that build up over long periods of time in the same way stalactites and stalagmites in caves are formed.

Travertine Tiles are a natural chemical precipitate of carbonate minerals; typically aragonite, but often recrystallized to a primary calcite; which is deposited from the water of mineral springs (especially hot springs) or streams saturated with calcium carbonate.

Where is sourced from?

Travertine is found in many places throughout the world, including Europe and the Middle East. Previously Travertine products found within the Australian Market were sourced from Italy and Spain, however in the last decade nearly all Travertine found within the Australian Market is from Turkey and Iran. These countries are known to produce high quality Travertine products. 

Where can you use Travertine Tiles? 

The largest building in the world constructed largely of travertine is the Colosseum in Rome. Other famous structures constructed with Travertine include the Trevi Fountain, the facade and colonnade of Saint Peter's Basilica, and many Roman aqueducts.

In the last century, the Lincoln Center in New York and the ABC Entertainment Center in Los Angeles were clad with travertine. Another notable building using travertine extensively is the Getty Center in Los Angeles, California. Travertine is widely used in Italy, Greece and Turkey.

The durability and attraction of Travertine Tiles as a natural stone is just unmatchable. Travertine is one of the strongest natural stone tiles available and is a beautiful building material for both flooring and walls, whether indoors or outdoors. Travertine is very popular choice as pavers and swimming pool surrounds.

Travertine tiles create a natural look for any area as no two tiles are similar. Travertine tiles ensure a unique and exciting look for your entire home along with being enduring for several generations.

Certainly, Travertine tiles are a perfect choice when you require an affordable, stunningly stylish and long-lasting building product and can be both functional and aesthetically striking.

When used indoors Travertine floor ties should be less than 20mm thick. For use on bathroom walls the ideal thickness is 12mm. If used outdoors as a paver 30mm thickness is recommended unless laid on a concrete base where a thinner Travertine tile may be used.

Common Sizes for Travertine Tiles

Travertine pavers and tiles come in a variety of sizes and thickness. Most common sizes for indoor flooring, walls and paving are 300mm x 300mm, 400mm x 400mm, 600mm x 600mm, 600mm x 300mm, 600mm x 400mm. French Pattern is also popular.

Larger and smaller tiles are available usually as a special order. Thickness will increase generally from 12mm for wall tiles, upto 20mm for floor tiles and 30mm for pavers.

Common Surface Finishes for Travertine

Honed : The surface of the tile is sanded to create a matte finish
Tumbled: Travertine is tumbled with gravel and bearings, giving it a rough, aged appearance
Brushed: A wire brush is used to give the surface of the travertine tile a worn, textured surface
Filled: The pores in the Travertine are filled with colored resin or cement to produce a solid surface
Polished: The Travertine is sanded and polished, producing a shiny look

Filled or Unfilled?

We are regularly asked what does this mean. One of the characteristics of Travertine tiles are the voids in the surface which are a feature of this material.These can vary from literally pinholes to quite large irregular holes.

These voids can be filled with grout when fixing the tiles or filled at the factory and the tile machined to give a honed or polished surface.

Factory filled and honed tiles are usually more expensive than unfilled however this depends on the finish, Brushed Travertine tiles or Tumbled Travertine tiles are unfilled and are desirable due to their "rustic"appearance.

Choosing the Right Travertine Tile for your Project

Travertine tiles are available in vivid colours such as Ivory, Beige, Noce, Red, and ilver. Such variation is due to the iron content that makes its look completely different in every quarry.

Travertine is available in brushed, tumbled, polished or honed finishing. Each finish is very distinct. Tumbled or Brushed Travertine look more antiqued while polished travertine mimic marble.

The application areas of travertine tiles at home are wide. A very popular use of this tile is in the bathroom floor and wall. The kitchen is another area of application that enhances the beauty of travertine under spot lights.

Using spot light to highlight the exquisiteness of this tile is much admired in recent times. The mysterious shine of these tiles are bound to catch eyes. Additional gleam and shimmer add style to the kitchen interior.

Installation of Natural Travertine Tiles

No two Travertine tiles are the same. Each tile is unique as they are a product of nature. Rosa Stone recommends the blending of Travertine tiles.

The tiles should be set aside to dry prior to tiling to check for unsightly tiles and colour variation. If you have selected a large number of tiles you may want to mix them up to separate any batch variations.

Once you have installed the tiles we can not accept any responsibility for damaged tiles or wrong tiles being fitted!!!

Quite often the Travertine tiles appear darker than the samples you observed. This is generally because the tiles are wet, and only appear darker. All natural stone tiles are produced in a wet environment using a lot of water. You will need to dry your tiles out before tiling to make sure they are the same shading to obtain the best blending.

Travertine tiles should be laid by a Floor & Wall Tiling Services Specialist.

Physical Properties of Travertine Tiles

Light transmission Typically subtranslucent in all but extremely thin pieces
Luster Dull to pearly or even subvitreous.
Miscellany Effervesces with dilute HCl.
Hardness 3-4 Moh's scale
Color Colorless, White, Pink, Yellow, Brown
Density 2.71
Streak White
Specific gravity 1.68

Chemical Properties of Travertine Tiles
Flash Point 89°F / 31°C
Solubility In water : at 68°F / 20°C : insoluble
In solvents : soluble in many organic solvents like benzene hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons, acetone, phthalates, methanol ,ethanol e.t.c.

Note: Travertine tiles, like limestone tiles , marble tiles and other calcareous stones, is referred to as acid sensitive. Calcareous stones are readily dissolved in acid, therefore acidic products should not be used on Travertine, Limestone and Marbles tiles.

Please contact us if you would like to discuss your project requirements with one of our natural stone specialists.
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